City Convergent Photography and Orthophotography

Convergent Photography and Orthophotography in Architectural Design

Convergent photography and orthophotography are essential tools for architects in the design and planning stages of a project. Convergent photography is a technique used in photogrammetry to capture images of a scene from multiple angles, creating a 3D model of the scene. Orthophotography is a process used to create an aerial photograph that has been geometrically corrected for accurate measurements, enabling architects to gather precise information about a site. Both of these techniques are invaluable for architects, as they allow for precise visualizations and measurements that can inform the design, ensuring that it is feasible and compliant with regulations and zoning laws.

Commercial contractor getting paid on a construction AIA contract

AIA Contract: Navigating the G-Series

When it comes to construction projects, clear communication and organization are key. One way to ensure that both of these elements are in place is through the use of AIA contract forms. These forms, developed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA), provide a standardized way for architects, contractors, and owners to document important information and transactions related to a project. In particular, forms like G702, G703, G704, and G70l-2017 play a critical role in ensuring that the project runs smoothly and that all parties are aware of and agree to any changes to the scope of work. With the help of AIA Contract forms, contractors can request payments, architects can certify work, and all parties can document changes and substantial completion. These forms streamline the process and ensure all parties are on the same page, making the construction project run more smoothly.

AIA B-series contract handshake

Unlocking the AIA Contract: B-Series

“When it comes to architect-owner relationships and the design and construction process, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) has developed a set of standard forms to help ensure clear communication and expectations. These AIA contracts serve as a framework for the various roles and responsibilities of the architect and owner, and can be modified to suit the specific needs of a project.
B201–2017, Standard Form of Architect’s Services: Design and Construction Contract Administration, outlines the architect’s role in the design and construction process, including their responsibilities for coordinating with other project professionals, providing drawings and specifications, and overseeing construction.
B133–2019, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect, Construction Manager as Constructor Edition, is used when a large project is being undertaken and the construction manager is acting as a constructor. This contract clarifies the respective roles and responsibilities of the architect, owner, and construction manager.
Design-build projects can also benefit from using AIA contracts as B143–2014, Standard Form of Agreement Between Design-Builder and Architect, defines the respective roles and responsibilities of the architect and design-builder, and outlines the process for resolving any disputes that may arise.
B132-2019, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect, Construction Manager as Adviser Edition, is used when a large project is being undertaken and the construction manager is acting as an adviser.

Architect Contractor and Owner reviewing Project Delivery Methods

Project Delivery Methods Comparison

Project Delivery Methods: The common methods are Design-Bid-Build, Construction Manager as Advisor (CMa), Construction Manager as Constructor (CMc) and Design-Negotiate-Build (D-N-B). Design-Bid-Build provides a clear definition of the project and the cost before construction begins. CMa allows for greater collaboration between the architect and construction manager. CMc allows for greater control over the construction process. D-N-B allows for greater collaboration between the architect and the construction manager and cost and schedule certainty. Each method has its own set of pros and cons. It’s important to consider these before making a decision.